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The Basic Rules of Skin Care & Acne Treatment

Woman looking in the mirror

Here’s a simple fact: Whatever your skin type, gender or age, there are a few basic tried-and-true rules to keep your skin healthy and trouble-free.

Have a daily skin care routine

A daily skin care routine can help you maintain overall skin health and improve specific concerns like acne, scarring, and dark spots. Your routine should have 4 key aspects:

  • Cleansing. Clean your face no more that twice a day using a gentle face wash.

  • Moisturizing. Use one that is lightweight, gel-based, and non-comedogenic, or doesn’t block your pores. For dry skin, you may opt to use a cream.

  • Serums. A serum with vitamin C or growth factors or peptides would be better in the morning, under sunscreen. At night, retinol or prescription retinoids work best.

  • Sunscreen. Apply sunscreen with at least 30 SPF 15 minutes before heading outdoors, as it takes a while for sunscreen to activate. Darker skin tones actually need more sun protection because hyperpigmentation is harder to correct.

Eat and drink with your skin in mind

To get that glow, you need to be supplying your body with beauty-boosting vitamins and minerals, and the right nutrients. Similarly, there are some food and drinks you’ll need to avoid if you want to keep your skin healthy – fried foods, soda, alcohol, candy, salty snacks, processed meats, and energy drinks, to name a few.

You also need to make sure you drink plenty of water throughout the day – it’s a skincare no brainer. If you ask any model what their top skincare secret is, it’s to always stay hydrated and drink plenty of water. If you’re not drinking enough water, it can make your skin look dull and emphasize fine lines (you should aim for at least 2 liters a day).

Don’t pick!

Picking at acne, blackheads, scabs, or other skin problems can cause open wounds or darker skin spots known as hyperpigmentation. Open wounds can lead to infections, more acne, or scars. The deeper the wound, the more likely your skin will scar.


Exfoliation is an essential step in any good skincare regime. There are two types of exfoliators; physical and chemical exfoliants. We’d recommend using a chemical exfoliant as physical exfoliators are slightly more abrasive and you have the tendency to push too hard, and therefore increase the risk of damage. By using chemical exfoliator like AHAs or BHAs or an enzyme-based formula, which penetrates your skin, dislodging and dissolving dead skin cells while promoting skin regeneration, leaving your skin clean and radiant. Make sure you only use a chemical exfoliant two to three times a week to avoid over-exfoliation.

Get a professional facial

Facials help reduce the impact of sun exposure, smoking and other environmental factors as well as incorrect product use. A professional facial by a licensed aesthetician will help clear clogged pores, quench parched skin and remove dead cells. Facials involve some massage which aids in blood circulation and lymphatic drainage. The facial massage also helps to relax facial muscles which can slow the onset of wrinkles on the face. Puffiness reduction, sagging in the face and skin cell renewal are additional benefits from these massage techniques.

Choose quality skin care products that are right for your skin

Make an appointment with an Aesthetician. Many skin care clinics formulated their own medical grade products and can customize a product regiment for your individual needs and concerns.

Don’t Smoke

Cigarette smoke contains carbon monoxide, which displaces the oxygen in your skin, and nicotine, which reduces blood flow, leaving skin dry and discolored. Cigarette smoking also depletes many nutrients, including vitamin C, which helps protect and repair skin damage.

Don’t assume that a good skincare regime has to cost you a lot of money. Good skin health is rather simple to accomplish if you stick to these basic rules!

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